A core outcome set for problem-based learning

Objective: To develop a core outcome set (COS) for problem-based learning (PBL) in health care professions, which should assist in standardizing outcome selection, collection and reporting in future research studies.
Methods: Drawing on the guidance and approaches of the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials (COMET), this study uses a four-phase mixed-methods design: (1) Focus groups and interviews with key stakeholder groups (teachers and students) and a review of the literature will be undertaken to build a long list of outcomes; (2) Three rounds of Delphi surveys will be used with key stakeholder groups. Statements for the Delphi surveys and participation processes will be developed and informed through substantial member involvement with teachers and students in health care professions; (3) A consensus meeting will be convened with key participant groups to discuss the key findings and finalize the COS.
Discussion: We hope that the COSs will lead to an improvement in the quality and consistency of research.

Contributors

Ji Chen, Lanzhou University, Gansu Lanzhou, China

Further Study Information

Current Stage: Ongoing
Date: January 2020 - 2020
Funding source(s): None


Health Area

Disease Category: Other

Disease Name: N/A

Target Population

Age Range: N/A

Sex: Either

Nature of Intervention: N/A

Stakeholders Involved

- Methodologists
- Other

Study Type

- COS (Other)

Method(s)

- Consensus meeting
- Delphi process
- Focus group(s)
- Literature review

This study uses a four-phase mixed-methods design: (1) Focus groups and interviews with key stakeholder groups (teachers and students) and a review of the literature will be undertaken to build a long list of outcomes; (2) Three rounds of Delphi surveys will be used with key stakeholder groups. Statements for the Delphi surveys and participation processes will be developed and informed through substantial member involvement withteachers and students in health care professions; (3) A consensus meeting will be convened with key participant groups to discuss the key findings and finalize the COS.

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